The President is elected through universal suffrage. He or she is Commander-In-Chief of the Armed Forces, Chief of State and Head of Government. The President also heads the Federal Executive Council (FEC), or Cabinet.
The Executive branch is divided into Federal Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDA’s).Ministries are headed by Ministers appointed by the President; while Departments and Agencies are headed by Chairmen, Directors –General, Managing Directors ,General Managers or Executive Secretaries as the case may be. The President must include at least one member from each of the 36 states in his Cabinet. The President's appointments are confirmed by the Senate of Nigeria. In some cases a Minister is responsible for more than one Federal Ministry, or he/she may be assisted by one or more Ministers of State. Each Ministry also has a Permanent Secretary who is the most senior civil servant, Administrative Head and the Accounting Officer.
The Ministries are responsible for various parastatals (Government-Owned Corporations).However, some parastatals performing certain specific functions are directly under the Presidency.